ADULT SEXUAL MISCONDUCT
Training Guide for Administrators and Educators on Addressing Adult Sexual Misconduct in the School Setting
A Training Guide for Administrators and Educators on Addressing Adult Sexual Misconduct in the School Setting is the Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS) Technical Assistance (TA) Center’s NEW training guide designed to help schools and school districts understand adult sexual misconduct (ASM), develop related policies and procedures, train on ASM awareness and prevention, and recognize the role of social media and technology in ASM. This training guide, which is available free of charge and based on the most recent research and trends on ASM, supports education agencies in updating their emergency operations plans (EOPs) and/or related ASM policies and procedures to be in alignment with national, state, and local recommendations, including the Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans.
ACTIVE AGGRESSOR/THREAT SITUATIONS
CRASE Training Available for Arkansas Schools
Built on the Avoid, Deny, Defend strategy, the CRASE training provides strategies, guidance and a plan for surviving an active shooter event. The training features reality-based scenarios that allow school personnel to directly participate in drills. Having the opportunity to practice a variety of active shooter events on their home campus will give educators the opportunity to identify potential problem areas while also feeling better prepared should an active shooter event ever occur. This training is FREE to any requesting school/school district in the State. The training takes approximately four hours to complete.
DHS Active Shooter Attacks
While law enforcement is usually required to end an active shooter situation, individuals can take steps to prepare mentally and physically for the possibility of this type of event occurring in order to save lives.
DHS Chemical Attacks
A chemical attack may be executed by individuals or groups — terrorists, terrorist affiliates, or state-sponsored, and/or organized crime — through the deliberate release of a toxic substances, such as a gas, liquid, or solid, in an attempt to cause public harm, injury, or loss of life. A wide variety of common household and professional grade toxic chemicals can be made, stolen, or acquired for use in an attack, including nerve agents, blister agents, blood agents, choking agents, and irritants. This guide assists you in identifying an attack and properly responding.
DHS Mass Gatherings
A mass gathering occurs when a large number of people come together in a particular location for a specific purpose. These locations, especially those associated with large crowds, could be an attractive target for terrorism and other crimes. DHS Protective Security Advisors (PSAs) encourage businesses to “Connect, PIan, Train, and Report”. Applying these four steps in advance of an incident or attack can help better prepare businesses and their employees to proactively think about the role they play in the safety and security of their businesses and communities.
DHS Mass Gatherings: Take Charge of Your Personal Safety
Take notice of your surroundings and identify potential emergency exit routes. Be aware of unusual behaviors, unattended objects, unexplained odors, or vehicles traveling at abnormal speeds or patterns. Establish locations to meet if separated from your group. Report any suspicious items or activities to law enforcement and/or onsite security personnel.
DHS Vehicle Ramming
The use of a vehicle as a weapon in a terrorist attack is not new. Recent terrorist incidents and violent extremist propaganda demonstrate that the use of vehicles as a weapon continues to be of interest by those wishing to cause harm. Attacks of this nature require minimal capability, but can have a devastating impact in crowded places with low levels of visible security.
Exploring the Potential “Parkland Effect” on Students’ Sense of School Safety
Although school mass shootings are statistically rare, when they occur they generally receive substantial media coverage, and increasingly, intense social media exposure. When students are indirectly exposed to such violent events, what effect does it have on their feelings of safety and on their perceptions of risk of violent victimization at school?
Study of the Pre-Attack Behaviors of Active Shooters in the United States Between 2000 and 2013
This report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, covering active shooter incidents in the United States between 2000 and 2013, examines specific behaviors that may precede an attack and that might be useful in identifying, assessing, and managing those who may be on a pathway to violence.
DHS Bomb Threat Guidance 12-2016
This guide provides resources and outlines in-depth procedures for either bomb threats or suspicious items and will help you prepare and react appropriately during these events.
BULLYING & CYBERBULLYING
American Psychological Association
Bullying resources from the American Psychological Association
Changing the culture of how we prevent and respond to cyberbullying can lead to powerful effects in the larger community. Common Sense Education partnered with No Bully to help schools and communities understand all the facets of cyberbullying and digital drama. Whether you are just starting and are looking to find ways to set that strong foundation; you have already started to address these issues in your classroom and are looking for additional resources; or something has happened and you are looking for some answers, this toolkit can help.
Arkansas Department of Education (ADE) Cyber Safety Resources
The Arkansas Department of Education provides a variety of Cyberbullying resources, including articles, curriculum and Arkansas legislation.
Coaching Teachers to Detect, Prevent, and Respond to Bullying Using Mixed Reality Simulation: an Efficacy Study in Middle Schools
The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of an adapted version of the Classroom Check-Up (CCU) coaching model, which utilized mixed reality simulation to allow teachers to practice addressing the detection of, prevention of, and responding to bullying in the classroom.
National Crime Prevention Council
The National Crime Prevention Council features a variety of bullying resources on their website, including publications, program models and downloadable resources.
Net Cetera: Stand Up to Cyberbullying
This video shows kids how they can stop cyberbullying by standing up for themselves or someone else.
Stop Bullying Website
StopBullying.gov provides information from various government agencies on how kids, teens, young adults, parents, educators and others in the community can prevent or stop bullying.
US-CERT Security Tip: Dealing with Cyberbullies
Bullies are taking advantage of technology to intimidate and harass their victims. Dealing with cyberbullying can be difficult, but there are steps you can take.
US-CERT Security Tip: Keeping Children Safe Online
Children present unique security risks when they use a computer—not only do you have to keep them safe, you have to protect the data on your computer. By taking some simple steps, you can dramatically reduce the threats.
Arkansas Department of Education Safe Schools Committee
The Arkansas Department of Education’s Safe Schools Committee has many resources on their website. The committee is charged with developing model policies and procedures that may ensure a safe and productive learning environment for students and school employees. Topics addressed include Emergency Plans and Drills, Firearms, Fire Safety, General Safety, Personal Health and Safety, Privacy and Security, and Student Discipline and Crime.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The CDC leads many activities that help us to understand and effectively prevent school violence. Research by the CDC helps us know how big a problem school violence is, what are the factors that increase or decrease the likelihood of school violence, and what prevention strategies work. The CDC also uses the latest knowledge to develop tools and resources that help state and local education agencies and schools create safe places for students to learn.
I Love U Guys Foundation
The “I Love U Guys” Foundation was created to restore and protect the joy of youth through educational programs and positive actions in collaboration with families, schools, communities, organizations and government entities. After extensive research, The “I Love U Guys” Foundation developed the Standard Response Protocol (SRP), a classroom response to any critical incident. If you are a school, district, department, agency, or organization, all downloadable materials on this site are available at no charge.
National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO)
The National Association of School Resource Officers (NASRO) offers several resources and best practices designed to assist SROs.
National Institute of Justice: School Crime and Safety
The National Institute of Justice’s School Crime and Safety website contains links to a variety of resources and publications designed to assist schools in their safety efforts. Summaries of school safety statistics are available along with school safety grant announcements.
National School Safety Center
The National School Safety Center serves as an advocate for safe, secure and peaceful schools worldwide and as a catalyst for the prevention of school crime and violence. NSSC provides school communities and their school safety partners with quality information, resources, consultation, and training services.
Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS)
REMS supports schools, school districts, and institutions of higher education (IHEs in the development of high-quality emergency operations plans (EOPs) and comprehensive emergency management planning efforts. Established in October 2004 and administered by the U.S. Department of Education’s (ED) Office of Safe and Healthy Students (OSHS), the REMS Technical Assistance Center provides a hub of information, resources, training, and services in the field of school and higher ed emergency operations planning.
SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration)
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that leads public health efforts to advance the behavioral health of the nation. SAMHSA’s mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America’s communities.
School Safety Advocacy Council
The School Safety Advocacy Council (SSAC) offers school safety-based services and training. The School Safety Advocacy Council is made up of some of the leading experts in the field of school and child safety.
This federal school safety clearinghouse website is a one-stop-shop of resources for Kindergarten through Grade 12 (K-12) administrators, educators, parents and law enforcement to use to prepare for and address various threats related to safety, security, and support in schools.
Back-To-School Cyber Safety
As summer break ends, many students will return to school with mobile devices, such as smart phones, tablets, and laptops. Although these devices can help students with their schoolwork and stay in touch with family and friends, there are risks associated with using them. However, there are simple steps that can help keep students stay safe while using their mobile devices and getting online.
Cyber Safety Quick Links for Protecting Youth: Empowering Students to Become Responsible Digital Citizens and Engage Online Safely
This handout gives families, students, and school safety teams key practical steps and quick links to Websites offering free cyber safety resources, tools, and training. Together, communities, led by school safety teams, can enhance their cyber safety knowledge and capabilities of the whole school community.
NetSmartz is the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children’s online safety education program. It provides age-appropriate videos and activities to help teach children be safer online with the goal of helping children to become more aware of potential online risks and empowering them to help prevent victimization by making safer choices on- and offline.
Be Internet Awesome
Created by Google to explore digital citizenship and online safety tools and resources for children.
STOP.THINK.CONNECT. STUDENT RESOURCES
National public awareness campaign on online safety that offers materials and resources to help children learn about safe cyber behavior.
STOP.THINK.CONNECT. PARENT AND EDUCATOR RESOURCES
National public awareness campaign on online safety that offers materials and resources to help parents discuss safe cyber behavior with children.
Technology Safety: Exploring technology in the context of intimate partner violence, sexual assault, and violence against women
Developed by the National Network to End Domestic Violence, Safety Net Project, this website provides Information on signing up for accounts, passwords, privacy settings and policies, social media, friends and family, and safe Web browsing.
Stay Safe Online
Online safety and digital citizenship resources, such as lesson plans, classroom materials, and discussion guides.
Tips on Protecting Youth from Sextortion
Publication on things to remember regarding sextortion, behaviors of youth that may lead to sextortion, and tips for students to help prevent sextortion perpetrated by hackers.
Incorporating Sextortion Prevention, Response, and Recovery into School EOPs
Webinar on incorporating sextortion prevention, response, and recovery into school EOPs. It is accompanied by a fact sheet on the same topic and Tips on Protecting Youth From Sextortion.
The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children maintains a free national tipline for people to report any threats. The CyberTipline can be contacted in the following ways: call 1-800-843-5678 or visit https://report.cybertip.org/.
Webinar: Integrating Cybersecurity With Emergency Operations Plans (EOPs) for K-12 Schools
Learn the importance of cybersecurity and network protection at schools and school districts.
Common Internet of Things Devices May Expose Consumers to Cyber Exploitation
Cyber actors actively search for and compromise vulnerable Internet of Things (IoT) devices, sometimes referred to as “smart” devices, for use as proxies or intermediaries for Internet requests to route malicious traffic for cyber-attacks and computer network exploitation. If you suspect your IoT device(s) may have been compromised, contact your local FBI office and/or file a complaint with the Internet Crime Complaint Center at www.ic3.gov.
Cyber Safety Considerations For K-12 Schools And School Districts
Cyber threats can impact either the human (students, teachers, and staff) or the physical or virtual (e.g., information technology [IT] networks and systems) elements of schools and school districts. The following fact sheet focuses on addressing threats to people in the school community—also called cyber safety considerations.
Get Smart About Drugs: A DEA Resource for Parents, Educators, & Caregivers
This comprehensive website from the Drug Enforcement Administration provides parents, educators, & caregivers information and news they can share with their kids about the dangers and consequences of drug use. Includes information about specific drugs in a searchable database, trends & statistics and ways to get involved.
Preparing for Opioid-Related Emergencies for K-12 Schools and Institutions of Higher Education
In October 2017, the President and acting U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary determined that a public health emergency exists nationwide. Opioids can help in the management of certain types of pain, but they pose serious health, financial, and social consequences when misused. This Opioids Fact Sheet from the Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS) Technical Assistance (TA) Center contains more information about opioid misuse among adolescents and a variety of resources to assist in emergency operations plans and response.
Drugs of Abuse, A DEA Resource Guide
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has released the 2020 edition of Drugs of Abuse, A DEA Resource Guide, which is designed to be a reliable resource on the most commonly abused and misused drugs in the United States. Released on a periodic basis, Drugs of Abuse provides important science-based information about the harms and consequences of drug use, describing a drug’s effects on the body and mind, overdose potential, origin, legal status, and other key factors. In addition, the guide outlines U.S. drug regulation, including drug scheduling and chemical controls. The 2020 digital edition updates the 2017 Drugs of Abuse publication with the most current information on new and emerging trends in drug misuse and abuse, including fentanyl, marijuana and marijuana concentrates, vaping, and stimulant drugs.
Because education plays a critical role in preventing substance abuse, this comprehensive guide is intended as a tool not just for medical practitioners and law enforcement officials, but also for educators, families, and communities.
D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) Website
D.A.R.E. is a comprehensive K-12 education program taught in thousands of schools in America and 52 other countries. D.A.R.E. curricula address drugs, violence, bullying, internet safety, and other high risk circumstances that today are too often a part of students’ lives.
G.R.E.A.T (Gang Resistance Education and Training) Website
Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) is an evidence-based and effective gang and violence prevention program built around school-based, law enforcement officer-instructed classroom curricula. The Program is intended as an immunization against delinquency, youth violence, and gang membership for children in the years immediately before the prime ages for introduction into gangs and delinquent behavior.
National Crime Prevention Council – Be Safe and Sound in School
Be Safe and Sound in School (B3S) is an initiative of the National Crime Prevention Council conducted in collaboration with the Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice. B3S is a program that seeks to raise awareness of school safety and security issues and provide the tools and resources needed to effectively address them.
EMERGENCY OPERATIONS PLANS (EOPS)
Emergency Management Virtual Toolkit
Use the tools and resources in this online toolkit to support efforts at your school or school district to build capacity in emergency management and preparedness: 1.) Develop a high-quality emergency operations plan; 2.) Engage youth and the school community; and 3.) Connect with other emergency management administrators across the Nation.
Guide For Developing High-Quality School Emergency Plans
This guide is identified as a “Best Practice” by the Readiness and Emergency Management for Schools (REMS) Technical Assistance Center. Planning teams responsible for developing and revising school EOPs can use this document to guide their efforts. It is recommended that districts and individual schools compare existing plans and processes against the content and processes outlined in this guide.
The Role of Districts in Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans: A Companion to the School Guide
This guide complements the Guide For Developing High-Quality School Emergency Plans by recommending specific roles and responsibilities for district-level administrators and staffs.
Use an EOP Interactive Tool
The REMS TA Center offers a suite of emergency management planning tools to K-12 schools and school districts, institutions of higher education (IHEs), state education agencies (SEAs), regional education agencies (REAs), and community partners to support them in a variety of planning activities. These EOP Interactive Tools were intended to be used by K-12 and higher ed practitioners with any level of experience in emergency management to develop emergency operations plans (EOPs), conduct site assessments, revise EOPs, enhance their capacity, engage in learning opportunities, and align their emergency planning practices with those at the national, state, and local levels.
Intergrating Drills and Exercises into Overall School Emergency Management Planning
Learn about planning for and executing drills as a part of overall EOP development.
Arkansas AWARE is a project funded through the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration RFA-SM-18-006 AWARE (Advancing Wellness And Resiliency in Education) State Education Agency Grant to support districts in efforts to provide mental health care awareness and trauma informed practices.
School-Based Mental Health (SBMH)
The Arkansas Department of Education (ADE) office of School Health Services provides guidance and technical assistant for the development of best practice school-based mental health programs within Arkansas public school districts.
Arkansas School Safety Commission: Final Report
The Arkansas School Safety Commission submitted their final report to Governor Asa Hutchinson at a press conference held December 3, 2018, at the State Capitol. Thirty recommendations on enhancing school safety were included in the comprehensive report.
A Comparison of Averted and Completed School Attacks from the Police Foundation Averted School Violence Database
The Police Foundation, in collaboration with the COPS Office, implemented the Averted School Violence (ASV) database to provide a platform for sharing information about averted incidents of violence in institutions of elementary, secondary, and higher education. As a companion to the preliminary report on the ASV database (Daniels 2018), this report compares 51 completed with 51 averted incidents of school violence from the ASV database and analyzes both sets. It includes findings on the demographics of individuals who plan attacks, victims’ demographics in completed attacks, and community characteristics; it also provides important recommendations to minimize school violence and improve student and school safety.
Indicators of School Crime and Safety from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)
This report covers topics such as victimization, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, student perceptions of personal safety at school, and criminal incidents at postsecondary institutions. Indicators of crime and safety are compared across different population subgroups and over time. Data on crimes that occur away from school are offered as a point of comparison where available.
A Preliminary Report on the Police Foundation’s Averted School Violence Database
The Police Foundation, in collaboration with the COPS Office, implemented the Averted School Violence (ASV) database to provide a platform for sharing information about averted incidents of violence in institutions of elementary, secondary, and higher education. The ASV project defines an incident of averted school violence as a violent attack planned with or without the use of a firearm that was prevented before any injury or loss of life occurred. This preliminary report analyzes 51 averted incidents of school violence selected from the ASV database to begin to improve our understanding of averted school attacks. The report begins with a case study of one averted attack and then details findings on the 51 averted incidents in the study. It concludes with recommendations for law enforcement and school administration to improve school safety. A companion report (Langman and Straub 2018) compares these 51 averted attacks with 51 completed attacks and presents findings on the similarities and differences.
Study of the Readiness of Public Schools in Response to Natural Disasters and Acts of Violence 2014 Report
This 2014 brief prepared by the Arkansas Bureau of Legislative Research provides an overview of the school safety preparedness measures that have been implemented throughout Arkansas, including Antibullying Policy Highlights and School Discipline Models.
Using Technology to Prevent Violence in Schools
School districts across the country employ technologies to prevent, respond to, and mitigate criminal acts of violence. These technologies are a piece of the ongoing national conversation on school safety, and we know little about their overall use and implementation. As part of the Comprehensive School Safety Initiative, NIJ funded two complementary projects to help answer some basic questions: What technologies are currently in use and how those technologies are being used? What factors may affect the deployment of those technologies? What are the limits of those technologies and what improvements are needed? And ultimately, how much do we know about the effectiveness of those technologies in keeping schools safe?
SCHOOL SAFETY LAWS & REGULATIONS
Arkansas School Safety Laws & Rules
The Arkansas Department of Education website features laws and regulations pertaining to Emergency Plans and Drills, Firearms, Fire Safety, General Safety, Personal Health and Safety, Privacy and Security, and Student Discipline and Crime.
SITE ASSESS: A Mobile App Designed To Support Your Site Assessment Efforts
This free, comprehensive tool allows school and school district personnel to walk around a school building and grounds and examine their safety, security, accessibility, and emergency preparedness. SITE ASSESS generates a customized to-do list that may be used in the short term and long term to address facility improvements, prompts teams to share pertinent information with first responders, and contains relevant resources on several education facility and safety topics.
SUICIDE PREVENTION AND AWARENESS
Preventing Suicide – A Toolkit for High Schools (From SAMHSA)
This toolkit from SAMHSA assists high schools and school districts in designing and implementing strategies to prevent suicide and promote behavioral health. The toolkit includes tools to implement a multifaceted suicide prevention program that responds to the needs and cultures of students. Access the high school kit promotional flyer.
Preventing Youth Suicide – Tips for Parents & Educators (From National Association of School Psychologists)
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among school age youth. However, suicide is preventable. Youth who are contemplating suicide frequently give warning signs of their distress. Parents, teachers, and friends are in a key position to pick up on these signs and get help.
School Resources from the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention
AFSP raises awareness, funds scientific research and provides resources and aid to those affected by suicide. Their resources for schools include information about More Than Sad, a model policy on suicide prevention, and an interactive screening program.
School Resources from the Suicide Prevention Resource Center
Schools are a key setting for suicide prevention. Teachers, mental health providers, and all other school personnel who interact with students can play an important role in keeping them safe. The Suicide Prevention Resource Center has resources to help your campus in suicide prevention and awareness efforts.
Suicide Prevention Programs Promoted by and/or Implemented by Arkansas Department of Health
The Arkansas Department of Health, Suicide Prevention Program is working to provide educational programs that encourage people from all walks of life to become knowledgeable about suicide prevention. If you would like more information about any of these educational programs, such as how to schedule one in your area, please call 501-683-0707.
TALKING TO STUDENTS ABOUT SCHOOL SAFETY
The following are helpful resources compiled by the Illinois Fusion Center to assist parents and educators talk with kids about school safety and threats in our schools:
Training Students to Report Threats
(One Page Document on Information Presented at the 2014 American Council for School Social Workers – by Youth Risk Prevention Specialist)
Talking to Kids About School Safety
(Mental Health America)
Talking to Children About Violence: Tips for Parents and Teachers
(National Association School Psychologists)
Responding to School Violence: Tips for Administrators
(National Association School Psychologists)
Behavior Threat Assessment for Schools Toolkit
The Arkansas Center for School Safety (the Center) has been awarded a Bureau of Justice Assistance grant to assist Arkansas school districts, both public and private, to develop effective behavioral threat assessment teams and processes. Threat assessment is a critical component of preventing school shootings and other targeted violence on campus. This toolkit includes guidance and resources for implementing a behavioral threat assessment team and introduces the concept of threat assessment in schools.
SCHOOL TIP LINE TOOLKIT: A Blueprint for Implementation and Sustainability
This Blueprint provides information for educators, law enforcement professionals, community leaders, and school safety experts who are exploring various approaches to promote school safety and student well-being. One such approach to prevent instances of violence, self-harm, and other disorders in the school system is an anonymous or confidential school safety tip line. A school safety tip line is a comprehensive communication system designed to provide students, school personnel, or other members of the public with a safe and anonymous or confidential way to report a threat or potential threat to student or school safety, thereby equipping authorities with the information needed to respond to threats and avert tragedy.
Enhancing School Safety Using a Threat Assessment Model
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security – U.S. Secret Service released this operational guide through their National Threat Assessment Center in July 2018. The guide was developed to provide fundamental direction on how to prevent incidents of targeted school violence, that is, when a student specifically selects a school or a member of the school community for harm.
Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and To Creating Safe School Climates
Since June 1999, the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Secret Service have been working as a team to try to better understand–and ultimately help prevent–school shootings in America. This document sets forth a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools.
Specialized Training Packages from the REMS TA Center
Are you seeking materials to support emergency management training at your school or school district? The REMS TA Center provides downloadable Specialized Training Packages that feature self-paced emergency management training materials to support high-quality emergency management across a range of special topics. School emergency managers may use these materials to train their colleagues or to brush up on their own knowledge regarding special topics in school emergency management. The topics included in these training packages range from continuity of operations and large event planning to handling food contamination and infectious diseases. Each package includes training instructions, a PowerPoint presentation, and supplemental resources. Tabletop exercises are also included with some packages. In addition to the special topics in emergency management, the REMS TA Center has also included an introductory presentation that provides an overview of the recommended six step planning process for developing school emergency operations plans (EOPs).